PreventionWhat can I do to reduce my risk of becoming infected with West Nile virus?Here are preventive measures that you and your family can take:Protect yourself from mosquito bites:
Help reduce the number of mosquitoes in areas outdoors where you work or play, by draining sources of standing water. In this way, you reduce the number of places mosquitoes can lay their eggs and breed.
Note: Vitamin B and "ultrasonic" devices are NOT effective in preventing mosquito bites.What can be done to prevent outbreaks of West Nile virus?Prevention and control of West Nile virus and other arboviral diseases is most effectively accomplished through integrated vector management programs.
These programs should include surveillance for West Nile virus activity in mosquito vectors, birds, horses, other animals, and humans, and implementation of appropriate mosquito control measures to reduce mosquito populations when necessary.
Additionally, when virus activity is detected in an area, residents should be alerted and advised to increase measures to reduce contact with mosquitoes.
Details about effective prevention and control of West Nile virus can be found on CDC's (Center for Disease Control) webpage.Is there a vaccine against West Nile encephalitis?No, but several groups are working towards developing a vaccine.Where can I get information about the use of pesticide sprays that are being used for mosquito control?The federal agency responsible for pesticide evaluation is the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). See EPA's website website for detailed answers to the questions about pesticides used for mosquito control.